The EU commission says accession talks with Turkey to join the European Union hang in the balance following a backsliding on the rule of law and fundamental rights.
EU’s enlargement commissioner Johannes Hahn issued unequivocal criticism of the reaction to this summer’s failed coup, which has included a purge of 129,000 government employees, the closure of hundreds of media outlets, and the jailing of activists, journalists and academics.
“We are gravely concerned about the degradation of the rule of law and democracy unfolding in the aftermath of the failed coup attempt. In its own interest, Turkey urgently needs to stop moving away from the EU,” he said in statement.
Hahn had previously backed opening two key negotiation chapters on fundamental rights and the rule of law as part of accession negotiations.
“I have to admit, today I am not quite sure if this is still possible,” he told reporters in Brussels. His comments was part of a larger enlargement diagnosis that also covers Western Balkan nations.
But Turkey’s progress report, adopted unanimously among all EU commissioners, is likely to sharpen outstanding issues over a migrant swap deal signed between the two sides in March.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he wanted a quick decision in quotes reported by Turkish media earlier on Wednesday.
Erdogan’s threats to impose the death penalty and his sharp increase in powers has thrown EU relations into a spin.
“They say the negotiations should be reviewed. It’s too late now. Review it as soon as possible and make sure that you do not delay the final decision,” he said.
The report noted, among other things, that judges and prosecutors continued to be removed from office and that freedom of expression had been muffled.
The EU wants to keep the migrant deal in place given the large drop of migrant and asylum seeker arrivals crossing the Aegean to reach the Greek islands.
Ankara has refused to give in to EU demands that it reform its anti-terror laws as a condition to lift short-term EU visas on Turkish nationals.
It has also refused to implement an earlier EU readmission agreement to send non-Turkish nationals back to Turkey unless the visas restrictions are lifted.
The visa waiver is part of the March migrant deal that had also included a €6 billion EU purse to finance refugee projects inside Turkey over the next few years.
But the past few weeks has seen an increasingly acrimonious atmosphere as both sides refuse to budge on the visa issue.
Police last week arrested 11 opposition MPs from the liberal, pro-Kurdish HDP. The arrests triggered rebukes from German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier and EU foreign affairs chief Federica Mogherini. Turkey, in turn, accused EU states of supporting terrorists.
Austria’s defence minister Hans Peter Doskozi earlier this week warned that cracks in the deal were now so obvious that the EU should be thinking of contingency plans for its eventual collapse.
Nato member Turkey in October extended its state of emergency that allows Erdogan to rule by decree without any oversight from the Constitutional Court.
The Strasbourg-based European Court of Human Rights received a sudden surge of 850 petitions from Turkish nationals in the past two weeks.
Such moves are posing broader questions on Turkey’s stated aspirations to join the European Union. Turkey kicked off negotiations to join the EU in 2005 but its prospects appear increasingly dim.
Hahn said the crackdown, the backsliding on rights and Erdogan’s threat to reintroduce the death penalty all tested both Turkey’s credibility and that of the EU.
The Turkish government maintains the purge is needed to weed out what it views as a deep state structure aligned with Fethullah Gulen, an Islamic preacher who lives in the US and whom Turkey says instigated the July putsch.
The July coup killed 241 people and wounded over 2,000. The country was also hit by several deadly terrorist attacks from the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and the militant group Islamic State.